Font Help

All the Russian Cyrillic in Golosa pages uses fonts that adhere to Unicode (UTF-8). Some legacy pages use Code Page 1251, otherwise known as Windows Cyrillic. Any computer should be able to read these fonts automatically. Occasionally, an Internet browser, especially an older version of one gets the Cyrillic display wrong. The solution is to manually set the browser to read the Cyrillic properly.

Most browsers allow you to adjust the encoding or character set under a View or Tools menu. If you can't find this easily, search the help menu for either character set or encoding. Once you have found these settings, set the character set (encoding) to UTF-8. If that doesn't work, try Windows Cyrillic (1251). It should be emphasized that this procedure is required rarely and only for very old browsers/computers.

Typing Cyrillic is another matter entirely. Nearly all computers require a one-time keyboard setup, which takes about a minute to perform.

Russian keyboard layouts. First off: Russian keyboards come in a number of flavors.

  1. Russian (Computer). This is the default, known as Gosstandart. Russian A is on the F key. Period on on the "slash" key.
  2. Russian Typewriter. Same as above, but period, comma, and all other punctuation are on the uppercase number keys.
  3. Russian Phonetic (also called "Student" or "Homonophic"). Cyrillic letters are on the keys of their corresponding Roman characters, except the six Cyrillic letters with no single Roman equivalent. Their positions must be memorized. Keep in mind that no one in Russia uses this keyboard.

Windows XP and Vista. Open Start => Settings => Control Panel and then open Regional Options. Choose Regional and Language Options. Find the tab Languages. Choose Details. You will now see a list of installed keyboards. Pick Add. Scroll through the list and select Russian. Depending on the age of your operating system, you'll get a choice of two or three keyboards. Older versions offer only Russian and Russian Typewriter. New versions offer the Phonetic keyboard as well. If you have an older version of Windows or Vista, and you would like a phonetic keyboard, see Paul Gorodyansky's

Apple Macintosh. OS 10.4. Click on the language flag (American flag for Macs sold in the U.S.) towards the upper right part of the screen. In the pull-down menu, choose the Russian flag. Newer versions give you a choice of native Russian or Phonetic keyboards.

Linux Ubuntu. Go to System, Preferences, Keyboard, Layouts Tab. Click the arrow icon next to Russian select Russian, Russian Typewriter, and on some installations Russian Phonetic. (Which alternatives you get deends on the version of Ubuntu you are using. For descriptions of the keyboards, see Windows) By default, you can toggle between keyboards through Alt+Shift or both Shift keypress. (You can change this through Language preferences), or by clicking the language icon available now in menu bar.