|Research is distinguished from other forms of investigation
and knowing by undertaking systematic empirical inquiry. That is
the case both for quantitative research and qualitative research.
Both involve systematic procedures and both collect data--quantitative
Methodology is the systematic procedures of inquiry. It includes the methodological approach (experiments, surveys, case studies, ethnographies), the research design or emergent design, the sampling of the units of analysis, data collection instruments and procedures, and data analysis techniques.
Any but the newest topics of research have been studied with a variety of methodologies. That is desirable because all methodologies have weaknesses as well as strengths. Before conducting new research on a topic, it is often useful to integrate the methodologies that have been previously used on that topic.
Means of Integrating Methodologies
Last Update: June 29, 2000