I have received your favor for which I am exceedingly thankful; indeed I was very uneasy at not hearing from you, apprehending some indisposition might have prevented you: I remain still in a low state of health; but hope to get better from a cessation of business and from exercise.
The session is this moment closed and the members would have parted [in] tolerable temper if the disagreable altercations on the score of the seat of government had not left very strong impressions on the minds of the Southern gentlemen; they suppose with too much reason that the same kind of bargaining which took effect with respect to the Susquehannah may also take effect in other great National matters which may be very oppressive to a defenceless naked Minority---the bill has been ultimately defeated in the Senate & the point remains open, but gentlemen now begin to feel the observations of the Antis, when they inform them of the different interests in the Union & the probable consequences that would result therefrom [torn] the Southern States, who would be the milch cow out of whom the substance would be extracted; If I am not mistaken, they will eer long have abundant cause to conclude that the idea of a difference between carrying States & productive States & manufacturing States & slave States is not a mere phantom of the imagination---lf they reflect at all on the meaning of protecting duties---by way of encouragement to manufactures & apply the consequences to their own constitents, I think they would now agree that we were not totally beside ourselves in the [Virginia ratifying] Convention--In my opinion whenever the impost will come into action the freedom of the South will be let into some secrets that they do not or will not at present apprehend. you would be astonished at the progress of manufactures in the seven Easternmost States if they go on in the same proportion for seven years they will pay very little on imports: while the South will continue to labor under the pressure: This added to the advantage of carrying for the productive States will place them in the most desirable situation whatever.
With respect to amendments
matters have turned out exactly as I apprehended from the extraordy. doctrine
of playing the after game: the lower house sent up amendments which held out a
safeguard to pers[on]al liberty in a great many instances, but this disgusted
the Senate. and though w[e] made every exertion to save them, they are so
The Judicial bill has passed
but wears so monstrous an appearance that I think it will be felo de
Se1 in the execution; th
The salaries I think are
I have made every exertion in favor of Mr. [Joseph] Martin, but there have been such representations agt. him, that I fear he will derive no benefit from any thing in my power to effect.
With respect to the lands at
the Natches,2 they are unquestionably according to prevailing ideas
the property of Georgia, but the Spaniards are in the actual possession and
hold it by force: Georgia some time