The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers Project is a university-chartered research center associated with the Department of History of The George Washington University

The George Washington University

The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers Project
1940 Dust jacket for ER book book, The Moral Basis of Democracy, 1940Testifies before Congress in support of aid to migrant farmer workers
Establishes the U.S. Committee for the Care of European Children
Addresses 1940 Democratic convention to secure Henry Wallace's selection as Vice-President
Defends civil liberties in Chicago keynote address "Civil Liberties The Individual and the Community"
After meeting with civil rights groups, urges FDR to establish Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC)
Convenes Hampton Institute conference on African American's role in the war effort
Opposes Smith Act
Supports Walter Reuther's plan for "500 Planes a Day"
Missy Lehand is paralyzed by a stroke
Writes The Moral Basis of Democracy, "Civil Liberties," "Women in Politics," and "Fear Is the Enemy"
1941 Begins third term as first lady
FDR gives "Four Freedoms" speech
ER with OCD Director (NYC Mayor LaGuardia), 1941Serves as Assistant Director, Office of Civilian Defense (OCD)
Countermands Breckinridge Long's attempt to cut funding for President's Advisory Committee on Political Refugees
Intervenes to get visas for French Jews aboard the Quanza
Links Aryanism to American segregation policies in speeches
Hall G. Roosevelt (brother) dies
Addresses nation on radio the day Pearl Harbor is bombed
Works to prevent internment of Japanese-Americans
Visits Tuskeegee Institute
Hosts "Current Events," a radio show for Pan American Coffee Bureau Series
Edits (with Frances Cooke Macgregor) This Is America
Begins "If You Ask Me," a monthly question and answer column which runs until November 1962
1942 Resigns from OCD
Joins board of Wyltwyck School for troubled boys
Visits Tuskeegee airmen, lending critical support to their demand to join the European air war
Unsuccessfully lobbies to prevent sharecropper Odell Waller's execution
[photo: ER talks with American women flyers in England, Oct. 26, 1942]Travels through war zones to visit Britain, examine women's roles in defense efforts, and meet with British leaders and Allied troops
Urges women's employment in war industries
Writes "Race, Religion, and Prejudice"
1943 Helps integrate Sojourner Truth Housing Project in Detroit and is blamed for ensuing riot
ER pinning medal to soldier, Santo, 1943Travels to 17 South Pacific islands, New Zealand and Australia, visiting 400,000 soldiers, walking "miles" of hospitals, working 18 hour days
Goes to Gila River, Arizona internment camp to prevent camp violence from breaking out
Defends conscientious objectors who serve in non-combatant positions
Opposes Smith-Connally Act, labeling it punitive to labor, in midst of UMW strike
Urges support for provisions in Lanham Act to provide day care for children of women in defense industry
Attends Holocaust cantada "We Shall Never Die"; praises it in "My Day"
Writes "A Challenge to American Sportsmanship," and "Abolish Jim Crow"
1944 Urges FDR to campaign actively for re-election
With Baruch, Reuther and Hopkins, pushes administration to plan for full employment
Opens White House Conference on How Women May Share in Post-War Policy-Making
[photo: ER with General Gomes and Bishop of Natal, Brazil, 1944]Visits the Carribean and South America where she tours hospitals and military installations, delivers speeches, holds press conferences and meets with state, religious, and social leaders
Offers critical support to establishment of War Refugee Board
Writes "Henry Wallace's Democracy," and "How To Take Criticism"
1945 Pressures Army Nurse Corps to admit African American women
Supports women defense workers who want to continue working, challenging government reconversion policy
[photo: FDR funeral carriage, Hyde Park, 1945]FDR dies, April 12, in Warm Springs, Georgia
Tells the press "the story is over"
Joins NAACP board of directors and becomes lifetime member of National Council of Negro Women
Declines offers to run for Governor of New York, Senator from New York, and Director of National Citizens Political Action Committee
Address the nation on V-J Day
Lobbies for a permanent FEPC, full employment, and price and rent controls
Truman signs UN Charter and appoints ER to US delegation, where she is quickly dubbed "the hardest working delegate"
Writes "What Are We For?"