The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers Project is a university-chartered research center associated with the Department of History of The George Washington University

The George Washington University

The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers Project
1933 From Mrs. Roosevelt's Page, August 1933Becomes First Lady and struggles to find an acceptable role in the administration
Visits Bonus Army encampment
Holds regular press conferences, the first first lady to do so
Champions Arthurdale, an experimental homestead project for West Virginia coal miners, and joins advisory committee to the Housing Division of the Works Progress Administration
Travels 40,000 miles investigating social and economic conditions
Receives and answers 300,000 letters from August 31st - December 31st
Closely monitors National Recovery Administration and Federal Emergency Relief Administration projects
Sponsors White House Conference on the Emergency Needs of Women
Writes "Passing Thoughts of Mrs. Roosevelt," a monthly column for Women's National Democratic News and "Mrs. Roosevelt's Page," for Woman's Home Companion (until late 1935); and It's Up to the Women
1934 ER visiting Puerto Rican slum, 1934.Joins DC Chapters of the National Urban League and NAACP
Pressures FDR to initiate the National Youth Administration
Begins friendship with NAACP leader Walter White
Lobbies for anti-lynching legislation, old age pensions, and subsistence homesteads
Hosts White House Conference on Camps for Unemployed Women
Tours Puerto Rico
Campaigns for Democrats, especially friend Rep. Caroline O'Day
Travels the nation investigating government programs
Resumes commercial radio broadcasts

Writes "The New Governmental Interest in Arts," and "Old Age Pensions"

1935 Champions the World Court in a radio appeal designed to undercut Father Charles Coughlin's campaign against it
ER at a National Youth Administration meeting,1935Helps create the Federal Writers, Artists, Music and Theater Projects and National Youth Administration
Tours Ohio coal mine, sparking great debate over role of first lady
Defends her activities by writing "In Defense of Curiosity"
Presses DNC Chair Farley to plan specific role for women in 1936 election
Begins writing "My Day," a syndicated column which runs until October 1962
Writes A Trip to Washington with Bobby and Betty
Signs contract for two lecture tours a year, a schedule she keeps until 1962
1936 ER visits a WPA nursery school for African-Americans, Iowa, 1936Joins The American Newspaper Guild
Meets with American Youth Congress and begins close friendship with Joseph Lash
Helps Mary McLeod Bethune become Director, Division of Negro Affairs, NYA
Chairs Washington Commission on Housing
Louis Howe dies
Supports Southern Tenant Farmers Union earning the ire of the Liberty League which makes her the target of its anti-FDR campaign
Keynotes National Urban League's 25th anniversary celebration ["The Negro and Social Change"]
Monitors Works Progress Association programs
Val-Kill Cottage Industries closes
FDR wins re-election by largest margin in history
Writes "Are We Overlooking the Pursuit of Happiness?"
1937 [Image: Frontispiece of ER's autobiography This is My Story]Successfully campaigns to have the State Department admit Hanns and Lou Eisler, a radical anti-fascist composer and his wife
Lobbies for Wagner-Stegall Act (housing) which passes
Aggressively defends WPA, NYA, and Federal One Programs
Fails to convince FDR to push Senate to ratify Gavagan-Wagner-Van Nys anti-lynching bill
Supports Spanish civil war in speeches and columns and contributes to Spanish Children's Fund and Abraham Lincoln Brigade disregarding allegations of being soft on communism
Cancels speech in Lancaster, Pennsylvania when she learns club excludes Jews
Endorses the creation of a community for Jewish refugees in Palestine
Writes This Is My Story, the first of four autobiographies, and "Dear Mrs. Roosevelt," a question and answer column for Democratic Digest which runs until January 1941
1938 Dust Jacket for This Troubled World, 1938Lobbies for the Wagner Health Bill which does not pass
Convenes White House Conference on Participation of Negro Women and Children in Federal Welfare Programs
Helps launch Southern Conference on Human Welfare, attends its first conference, and defies Birmingham segregation laws
Kristallnacht occurs in Germany
Campaigns against the poll tax
Ends Val-Kill partnership with Dickerman and Cook
Writes "Tolerance" and This Troubled World
1939 ER with Marian Anderson, 1939Resigns from DAR in support of Marian Anderson and helps to arrange Anderson's Lincoln Memorial concert
Addresses NAACP national convention in Richmond
Lobbies FDR to push child-refugee bill
Assists Karl Frank aid him in anti Hitler underground
Helps European labor and socialist deputies (and some of their families) relocate to America
Defends American Youth Congress before the House Committee on Un-American Activities (Dies Committee)
Named one of "The Ten Most Powerful People in Washington"
Sixty-seven percent of Americans approve of her conduct
Writes "Keepers of Democracy"