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University Writing and Research Symposium
The George Washington University

Spring 2007

Friday, April 20 through Saturday, April 21

The George Washington University
Mount Vernon Campus

Friday Sessions
Saturday Sessions

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Friday, April 20, 10:00-11:15

Eckles Auditorium

ROUNDTABLE: Separate but Equal?

PRESENTERS: Jaskaren Randhawa, Gabrielle Graham, Becky Wales, and Ashley Wells

MODERATOR:  James Miller, English and American Studies Professor; Chair, American Studies Department, GWU

Separate but Equal: Is it Feasible in Contemporary American Society?
Jaskaren Randhawa, Gabrielle Graham, Becky Wales, and Ashley Wells

Contemporary feminism remains divided in its objectives and plans of action. We believe that in order to truly advocate the advancement of women in American society, their biological and psychological differences must be valued as different yet equal and that equality of opportunity will only exist when institutions respect these differences. With this in mind, the objective of our roundtable is to explore contemporary feminism in order to reframe current approaches towards female leadership and equality with the purpose of improving American leadership as a whole.

Friday, April 20, 11:30-12:45

Session 2A, Academic 127: The Cost of Intervention
Session 2B, Eckles Auditorium: Mediated Bodies
Session 2C, Academic 100: Needs Medicating

Friday, April 20, 11:30-12:45

Academic 127

ROUNDTABLE: The Cost of Intervention

PRESENTERS: Caleb Rosenberg; Andrew Slusser; Lindsey A. Conover; Brendan Gilmartin, Zacharias Teshome, and Jeff Chan

MODERATOR:  Jennifer Nutefall, Instructional Coordinator, Gelman, GWU

Ethanol and American Politics: A Manageable Success
Caleb Rosenberg

The challenge of combating global warming is not so much a scientific or even environmental problem as a problem of politics and social will. Realistic solutions to global warming must thus be both environmentally sound and politically viable. This presentation argues that by choosing ethanol as transportation fuel such a politically and environmentally practical opinion to mitigate global warming has been found.

When To Intervene in the Free Market Economy
Andrew Slusser

This presentation explores the Federal Reserve Bank of New York's decision to organize a privately funded bailout for a rogue hedge fund, long term capital management, and its assets. Using my two frameworks, credit risk and free market economics, the validity of the bank's decision is revealed and assessed.

Debt vs. Degredation: How Globalization Limits the Prospects of Environmental Policy
Lindsey A. Conover

This project sets out to investigate the limitations on state authority to correct globalization's environmental degradation. The argument will emphasize two aspects that have restricted national legislative powers to promote environmentally conscious industrialization policy: the impending political powers of international financial institutions and the social incentive to first resolve more pressing issues like disease, hunger, and poverty.

The World Bank's Exploitation of the Developing World
Brendan Gilmartin, Zacharias Teshome, and Jeff Chan

For over 60 years the World Bank has contributed to the systematic exploitation of the developing world. Through sober analysis, this presentation will elucidate misconceptions about the Bank and influence future decision makers to reform the Bank's policies.

Friday, April 20, 11:30-12:45

Eckles Auditorium

PANEL: Mediated Bodies

PRESENTERS: Alexandra Miller; Emily Murphy; Kinsley Makielski

MODERATOR:  Joseph Fisher, PhD Candidate, American Literature; Graduate Teaching Assistant in English, GWU

The Ideal Body Image among Hispanic Women in the United States: A Desire to Be Extremely Thin as a Mechanism to Be Financially Successful
Alexandra Miller

Immigration has been a part of American history since the establishment of the United States. One particular group, the Hispanic immigrant population, has been steadily growing and continues to get larger. As a result, many Hispanic people live in poverty. At the same time, the United States continues to be the hegemon of consumerism around the world. The sharp contrast between the lives of many Hispanic individuals (particularly women) and wealthier Americans creates a drive for Hispanics to achieve financial success. Hispanic women try to achieve financial success by changing their body shape to mimic that of a slender, Caucasian women.

Does This Make Me Look Gay? A Study of Homosexuality in Film Throughout Cultures
Emily Murphy

Do media representations of homosexuals actually match the cultural consensus of the country from which they originate? Are we actually progressing in our acceptance and tolerance of the homosexual community? This presenation will seek to answer these questions and more by looking at three well-known films from the USA, France, and Mexico that deal with the gay community and homosexual experiences.

Butch, Femme, and Shades of Gray
Kinsley Makielski

This project will explore the images and respresentations of lesbians in the mass media, focusing on common stereotypes such as "butch" and "femme." I will look at the perpetuation of these stereotypes and work to determine where they stem from, why they are used by the mass media, and why they are used and embodied by lesbians.

Friday, April 20, 11:30-12:45

Academic 100

PANEL: Needs Medicating

PRESENTERS: Matthew Oczkowski; Emily Anderson

MODERATOR:  Charity Fox, PhD Candidate, American Studies; Graduate Writing Preceptor, GWU

The Evolution of Drugs and Songwriting
Matthew Oczkowski

It's no secret that drugs have played a key role in songwriting. However, there have been recent shifts in the way songwriters use drugs as a vehicle for their songwriting. Not only have some songwriters abandoned traditional psychotropic hallucinogens for less conventional but more readily available over-the-counter drugs or prescription "medicine," but the means through which these songwriters have portrayed drugs lyrically have also shifted from the commonly imagined "hippie" portrayal to an enemy whose abilty to control reality has affected the writer firsthand. The presentation will illuminate how this "evolution of drugs" molds, warps, and even distorts the creative genius of songwriters, for better or for worse.

"I'm Still the Optimist, Though It Is Hard": Pushing the Boundaries of Public Discourse on Youth Depression
Emily Anderson

In this work, I will examine the overwhelming number of cases of youth depression as a consequence of modern society. Looking at depression as represented by various artists and voices from the "counterculture," I will attempt to open the public discourse on depression to mean more than "needs medication."

Friday, April 20, 1:00-2:15

Session 3A, Academic 127: Two and a Half Men
Session 3B, Eckles Auditorium: Dissenting Opinions
Session 3C, Academic 100: The Gender of Intelligence
Session 3D, Academic 122: Powerful Words

Friday, April 20, 1:00-2:15

Academic 127

PANEL: Two and a Half Men

PRESENTERS: Ashley J. Bohrer; Jamie George, Sean Williams, and Dan Corbally

MODERATOR:  Pat McGann, Communications Director, Men Can Stop Rape

Hard-Core Pornography and Masculine Identity
Ashley J. Bohrer

While discussions of pornography have galvanized American citizens for decades, the debate has focused almost exclusively on issues of legality and female equality. This presentation, however, expands the scope of scholarly debate and examines the delicate and multi-faceted relationship between pornography and masculinity.

The Single Man's Meals
Jamie George, Sean Williams, and Dan Corbally

This presentation will show the results of research consisting of personal interviews and book research on the topic of single men and how eating habits are affected by the lack of a woman's presence. This topic relates to gender and age issues.

Friday, April 20, 1:00-2:15

Eckles Auditorium

PANEL: Dissenting Opinions

PRESENTERS: Sarah Biggart; Andrew Noel; Elisa Cameron

MODERATOR: Chris Venner, Professor of Philosophy, GW

We the People: Political Protest and the Conformity of the First Amendment
Sarah Biggart

While political protest appears to serve as an expression of democratic individualism, it is dominated by society and public perception. Through a case study of the Ku Klux Klan, this presentation will analyze how public dissent towards the Klan's means of political expression and fundamental ideas has crippled its medium for protest.

Ócutl, or "Being the Torch": Indigenous Resistance via Progressive Theological Perspectives
Andrew Noel

Today, indigenous Mayan communities continue to respond and react to oppressive economic frameworks and political procedures acquired from Latin America's colonial era. Drawing on indigenous and liberation theological perspectives, this presentation serves as an interdisciplinary examination of contemporary Mayan resistance to neoliberal macrostructures.

Building Bridges with Universal Hands
Elisa Cameron

Today, our world is extremely diverse and as a result more and more community organizations have turned their focus towards multiculturalism. Multicultural commmunity organizations have an obligation to understanding their responsibility to the diversity of the surrounding community and how to make their efforts beneficial. This presentation will examine how Centronia, a nonprofit community organization in Washington, D.C.'s Columbia Heights neighborhood, defines and supports a multiculturalism.

Friday, April 20,1:00-2:15

Academic 100

PANEL: The Gender of Intelligence

PRESENTERS: Adrienne A. Williams; Bridget Nugent

MODERATOR:  Neil Irvin, Director of Community Education, Men Can Stop Rape

Gendering in Intelligence and the Implication for Higher Education
Adrienne A. Williams

The debate about whether women and men have equal intelligence is an old one, but not in the college setting. There are policy implications based on whether female and male intelligence has been culturally constructed or is biologically based. It's time to examine those implications in a college environment.

Evidence Marshaled from Provocation
Bridget Nugent

To sustain leadership in the global arena, the United States should foster the abilities of all citizens. However, women in this country face biases and barriers at every level in certain fields. Disparaties of women in science, math, and engineering professors derives not from inherent inability, as biological determinists believe; rather, socializition and discrimination present in early childhood, formal education, and professional settings better explains gender variances in these subject areas.

Friday, April 20, 1:00-2:15

Academic 122

PANEL: Powerful Words

PRESENTERS: Lindsay McKenzie; Kelechi Okengwu; Laura Feigin

MODERATOR: Christopher Sten, English Professor; Director, Writing in the Disciplines Program, GW

New Ideas give Genuine Elucidating Results
Lindsay McKenzie

The word "nigger," due to its history and emotional charge, is often exempt from critical analysis and study. However, examining the N-word's historical context, its relevance to contemporary society, and what its future holds, reveals much about race relations in America.

On Being Black
Kelechi Okengwu

The most generic definition that can be given is that black people are people who are either African descendents of Africans and most commonly have dark skin. To all those outside the group that are defined as black, black is not only skin pigmentation, but it is also a whole culture. Black in American political and social definitions means those who descended from West African slaves. The aim of this paper is to suggest that "black" has various subunits that are almost always blindly summed up together in the minds of all other races.

Racial Identity: An Exploration of the Externally Imposed Racial Identities in Light in August and The Human Stain
Laura Feigin

This presentation explores how society influences a person's racial identity. It attempts to prove that heritage and race are not the only factors that create a person's racial identity. By comparing and contrasting William Faulkner's Joe Christmas from Light in August and Philip Roth's Colman Silk from The Human Stain to sociological studies and findings, it suggests that racial identity is an external factor rather than an internal factor.

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Friday, April 20, 2:30-3:45

Session 4A, Academic 127: Marketing the Unmentionable
Session 4B, Eckles Auditorium: Unnatural Disasters
Session 4C, Academic 100: Story Time
Session 4D, Academic 122: Gimme Shelter

Friday, April 20, 2:30-3:45

Academic 127

ROUNDTABLE: Marketing the Unmentionable

PRESENTERS: Sarah Caffee; Michael T. Mort; Clifford Shapiro; Alison Dieringer

MODERATOR:  Lisbeth Fuisz, PhD, English, GWU

Coca Cola in Latin America: Creating More Problems Than It Solves
Sarah Caffee

Since 1906 Coca Cola has marketed its products in Latin America while simultaneously carrying out philanthropic work. This presentation examines the company's motives for its philanthropic work and argues that the presence of Coca Cola in impoverished countries actually hinders their social and economic development.

Commercializing College Campuses
Michael T. Mort

By comparing several schools in both the past and present, this presentation hopes to reveal an increasing trend toward commercialization on college campuses. I will look at modern universities much like modern corporations, and describe how the university, and its students, suffer as a result of this capitalistic trend.

Photomedia in the Case for Global Warming
Clifford Shapiro

Many examples of global warming can be documented with photographs. Images depicting the shrinking glaciers of the world are one example recently highlighted in Al Gore's An Inconvenient Truth. By comparing historical images of glaciers around the world to contemporary photographs taken during the same time of year and from the same location, visible proof of glacial melting is obtained. But why do images like this not galvanize the public to address global warming? This presentation will explain how we have become suspicious of the photographic image and thus made it more difficult to make the case for global warming.

Gardasil: A Miracle Vaccine?
Alison Dieringer

In June 2006, Gardasil, a vaccine that prevents straings of the human papilloma virus - which in turn also preempts cervical cancer, was approved by the FDA. Though not quite a "cure for cancer" Merck & Co immediately began advertising the vaccine as the way to become "one less" victim of cervical cancer. With the help of Edward Bernays' Propaganda we will examine the controversies and the Gardasil advertising campaign to question both Gardasil's enormous potential and the uncertainty as to if it is truly the miracle vaccine it claims to be.

Friday, April 20, 2:30-3:45

Eckles Auditorium

PANEL: Unnatural Disasters

PRESENTERS: Nathan Micon; Anne Robison; Timur Akman-Duffy

MODERATOR:  Frederic Siegel, Associate Vice President and Dean of Freshmen, GWU

Got Healthcare? Why American Morals Demand Universal Healthcare
Nathan Micon

This presentation will discuss the viability of universal healthcare. Specifically of interest is whether American morals are more congruent with preserving a limited governnment or dismantling the class structure within our healthcare system. Also to be considered is how universal healthcare serves as a conduit for achieving the "American dream."

Environmental Racism within the United States: A Call for Action
Anne Robison

There are communities within the United States that suffer from disproportionately higher numbers of toxic-waste dumps, incinerators, highways that intersect the communities, asbestos, and lower pollution standards. The who, when, why, and "how can we change this?" questions will be answered in a discussion about "environmental racism."

The Trial of Hurricane Katrina: A Class Action Case
Timur Akman-Duffy

Breaking news from Louisiana today! God, yes God, has come down to the Lower Ninth Ward and is holding an investigation of the aftermath of Katrina! Members of all social classes have been invited to come to tell their story. You can see government helicopters landing just behind me, and large groups of displaced victims have been arriving in droves all morning. This investigation, dubbed "The Trial of Hurricane Katrina," promises to deal with the race and class debate that has lingered since Katrina hit exactly two years ago. We will be on location all day, so stay tuned!

Friday, April 20, 2:30-3:45

Academic 100

PANEL: Story Time

PRESENTERS: Katharine Crnko; Heather Hwalek; Elizabeth Hillin

MODERATOR:  Dolsy Smith, Reference and Instruction Librarian, Gelman, GWU

The Familial Constructs of Disney Feature-Length Animated Films and Their Impact on Modern Cultures
Katharine Crnko

The Disney Corporation has a firm hand in today's media and popular culture. Disney's strongest influence is over the child market, mainly because animated movies are the primary way children experience popular culture. This presentation will examine the effects of these movies, specifically in reference to the families they portray, but also focusing on the development of gender-specific behavior, social norms, and self-image in children.

Storytime with the Subcomandante: The Politics of Modern Fabulism
Heather Hwalek

This presentation cites salient fables, parables, and their moral themes, and connects their structure, intention, and effect with the writing of Subcomandante Marcos. Through literary, political, and historical criticism, the presentation explores why a revolutionary leader would choose to write in this genre and how this form affects his audience.

Wickedness Within Wicked
Elizabeth Hillin

Presenting research about the pros and cons of female cliques and preconceived judgments between different races, this presentation argues that the message conveyed within Broadway's Wicked isn't as positive or influential as viewers may believe.

Friday, April 20, 2:30-3:45

Academic 122

PANEL: Gimme Shelter

PRESENTERS: Saba Ghorab; John Spangler; Emily Jagger

MODERATOR:  Katy Otto, Development Director, Men Can Stop Rape

Conflictive Relationships: Root of Women Homelessness
Saba Ghorab

Like a rollercoaster ride, healthy relationships have their ups and downs. Whether it's the good times or the bad, couples learn from their experiences with each other and as a result become closer. However, a relationship becomes conflictive when it involves abuse, whether it's sexual physical an/or emotional. A conflictive relationship tends to cause familial disputes that have negative effects on the couple as well as offspring. Children who are raised among violence and drugs are scarred for life. Consequently, young girls get involved in relationships in sheer desire to escape household problems and to find alternatives. Generally, these relationships turn sour and women end up in conflictive relationships themselves. Intimate male partners may have drug addictions and exhibit traits that cause women to live in turmoil, which ultimately leads to the women being homeless. So, why do women stay in conflictive relationships that cause their downward spiral?

Buying Influence: Economic Classes and the Public Sphere
John Spangler

The "one person, one vote" democratic system was created to distribute political power evenly among citizens, but does the upper class's influence in the public sphere negate the votes of lower-class citizens in a representative government? This presentation will focus on women and the public sphere, using an organization for homeless women in Washington, D.C. as a case study.

Battered Women: Trends and Injustices
Emily Jagger

To view domestic violence through specific lenses is to thoroughly examine the many facets that comprise the problem. It is possible to identify trends and possible sources of abuse within the home, sometimes called intimate partner violence, and thus find the best way to help survivors create a new life free of fear. Through the investigation of previous research, it becomes evident why women choose to seek help from shelters or not, and if shelters are the best way to recover from domestic abuse. This presentation considers domestic abuse and women's shelters through six general frameworks; race, education, politics and the legal system, religion, socioeconomics, and family. With our primary research of shelters in Washington, D.C., we can see if common trends derived from our secondary sources correlate to the trends within certain shelters in the District.

Friday, April 20, 4:00-5:15

Session 5A, Post Hall: Women, Power, Tradition
Session 5B, Eckles Auditorium: What Did You Do In School Today?
Session 5C, Academic 100: Monumental Statements
Session 5D, Academic 122: Representing Washington, D.C.


Friday, April 20 4:00-5:15

Post Hall

PANEL: Women, Power, Tradition

PRESENTERS: Hillary Bundy; Ashley Roberts; Wendy Soriano

MODERATOR: Cynthia Deitch, Associate Director of Women's Studies; Professor of Women's Studies, Sociology, and Public Policy and Public Administration, GWU

Female Circumcision: Mutilation or Tradition
Hillary Bundy

This paper looks at why the West views female genital mutilation as a human rights violation. It argues that it is important to look at all sides of the story without bias, and it aims to show why the way the West is portraying this issue is wrong.

From Separate Spheres to Suffrage: How Philanthropy Defined by the Doctrine of Separate Spheres Led to the Beginning of the Suffrage Movement in Britain
Ashley Roberts

This presentation will discuss the connection between philanthropy and the beginning of the suffrage movement in Victorian Britain. Middleclass British women were expected to undertake philanthropic work, and this work led to the suffrage movement. By giving women an independent arena to work, by giving them necessary organizational skills, and by giving them a reason to demand legislative action, philanthropy led to the women's suffrage movement.

Lives of Women: Past and Present
Wendy Soriano

This paper will delve into the socially constructed ideals made for women in the past. It will focus on the women's suffrage movement created by women in order to advance. It will then examine women's achievements in the present and how women's role has changed over time.

Friday, April 20, 4:00-5:15

Eckles Auditorium

PANEL: What Did You Do In School Today?

PRESENTERS: Harry Wodehouse, Nick Weiss, Elliott Brown, Jessica Kief, Ben Fitzgerald, and Angela Aronoff; Samantha Ahle

MODERATOR:  Paola Ceccarini, Reference and Instruction Librarian, Gelman, GWU

Sleep Deprivation Among College Students Examined Through Time Management
Harry Wodehouse, Nick Weiss, Elliott Brown, Jessica Kief, Ben Fitzgerald, and Angela Aronoff

It is common knowledge that a lack of sleep has adverse effects on the academic performance, social experiences, and health of college students. Knowing this, why do students prioritize sleep as one of the last things on their "to do" list? The activities students engage in when they should be sleeping are, ironically, those that are negatively affected by its deprivation: academic work, socialization, and health-related issues. Thus, our proposed reason for the cognitively dissonant behavior is a lack of time-management skills. This presentation will examine time management among college students and how it ultimately leads to sleep deprivation.

Does Playtime Equal Braintime? A Look at What Constitutes a Legitimate Education
Samantha Ahle

Although education is valued for its rigor, who gets held accountable for the education received is important. With the No Child Left Behind Act, schools are held accountable for education; in the Sudbury School model, the students are held accountable. Based on data and personal experience, which would be better for Washington, D.C.?

Friday, April 20, 4:00-5:15

Academic 100

PANEL: Monumental Statements

PRESENTERS: Tim Gowa; Matt Kamisher-Koch; Brittany Verga

MODERATOR:  Katherine Malone-France, Director of Collections and Programs, Stephen Decatur House Museum

Deaths in the Family: The Cost of a Headline
Tim Gowa

In a city indeliably marked by media and politics, this paper explores the changing nature of memorials as seen through the Journalists Memorial. Massive implications for construction in Washington, D.C. which dramatically affects Washington residents adn policymakers alike, and fuel a substantial industry situated somehwere within the confines of the National Mall.

The Confederate Monument: A National Monument for Regional Cause
Matt Kamisher-Koch

Monuments commemorate many things: the valor, courage, or incredible fortitude of figures long gone. However, the Confederate Monument justifies a nation that no longer exists and a way of life that has disappeared. It was erected to inspire new generations to believe in the "lost cause" and to present a stylized version of history where such a cause has always remained strong. This presentation analyzes the historical motivations for its establishment and its unique place in American political and social history.

Location, Location, Location: What It Means for Memorials
Brittany Verga

Monuments in and around Washington, D.C. may be classified as either "tradtional" or "living." Is it solely structure that dictates this difference? The debate over the location of the Air Force Memorial forced the relocation of this monument. It presently serves as a traditional memorial, but this may not have been the case if it neighbored the Iwo Jima Memorial as originally planned.

Friday, April 20, 4:00-5:15

Academic 122

PANEL: Representing Washington, D.C.

PRESENTERS: Lauren Pessoa, Alyssa Wood, and Shoshana Miller; Josh Spitzer, Chloe Labiner, and Zachary Stafford; Nicole Sweeney

MODERATOR:  Tina Plottel, Reference and Instruction Librarian, Gelman, GWU

Media Madness
Lauren Pessoa, Alyssa Wood, and Shoshana Miller

More than twenty years ago, in 1986, national media coverage concerning the emergence of crack/cocaine in American inner cities reached epidemic proportions. This presentation argues that the media misrepresented the effect crack had in D.C., which produced social and political repercussions that could be reproduced today.

Homelessness: Sleeping on Invisible Pavement
Josh Spitzer, Chloe Labiner, and Zachary Stafford

Residing in Washington, D.C., one cannot walk a block without noticing someone living on the street. Although some choose to ignore the presence of a homeless person, this presentation brings this issue to the surface. Despite our lack of personal experience in being homeless, we have studied the psyche and daily routines of people on the streets in order to bring greater awareness, understanding, and compassion to their current problems. This knowledge will make people feel more obliged and morally responsible for assisting the homeless. With our primary research of shelters and personal stories of homeless people in Washington, D.C., we hope that we can personally gain a glimpse of these lives on the streets. Statistical information and general facts from our secondary research will also ignite societal interest in the homeless epidemic.

Re-Learning Education: Approaches for a Multicultural Community
Nicole Sweeney

What bearing does a multicultural environment have on early childhood practices? Does a multicultural setting require adjustments to the standard approach? The experiences of directors and teachers as well as parent testimonies help get to the heart of the varying opinions and realities of this question. According to organizations like CentroNia, a Columbia Heights-based community education center, the merits of a standard curriculum ought to be heavily scrutinized. Specifically, CentroNia's concern is being bilingual: English and Spanish. They find themselves in a community with minority populations much higher than the rest of the nation. Should the educational standards catered toward such different demographics be expected to apply there?


Saturday, April 21, 10:00-11:15

Session 1A, Post Hall: All in the Family
Session 1B, Eckles Auditorium: What's Black & White and Read All Over?

Saturday, April 21, 10:00-11:15

Post Hall

PANEL: All in the Family

PRESENTERS: Amanda Formica; Alyssa Steinmetz

MODERATOR:  Jason Hipp, Senior in English, GWU

AIDS and Sexuality: Influencing American Family Values
Amanda Formica

This presentation explores the influence that the AIDS epidemic in America had on a new stage of the GLBT civil rights movement from the level of a changing American family.

Disciplining the Future: Parenting Technique across Generations
Alyssa Steinmetz

What happened to the old-fashioned spank? Over the past half-century parenting methods have become more permissive, one probable cause for the current unruly, undisciplined generation of children. Advice on disciplining one's child has changed to reduce the emphasis on harsh parental discipline and promote a more liberal approach to raising one's child. Parents today are criticized for being too tolerant of their child's bad behavior, but are they not just adhering to contemporary parenting advice?

Saturday, April 21, 10:00-11:15

Eckles Auditorium

PANEL: What's Black & White and Read All Over?

PRESENTERS: Samuel Kaminsky; Gregory C. Magee; Paige Hansen

MODERATOR:   Annie Lipsitz, MA, Women's Studies, GWU class of 2006

Hip-Hop & Intellectual Property
Samuel Kaminsky

Born as a "borrowed" art form from a disenfranchised and unrecognized world, hip-hop has become one of the most popular genres in music today. The hip-hop culture's almost contradictory origins and current existence show a unique dichotomy of America, and is something that can be analyzed in order to find certain truths about the way which the nation as a whole treats intellectual property issues. This presentation examines the ways in which intellectual property spawned the culture and how hip-hop's views on intellectual property have changed over time with respect to how demographics of those participating in hip-hop have changed as well.

Paintocracy: How Writers’ Benches Created a Unified Graffiti Culture
Gregory C. Magee

This presentation is a study of graffiti writers’ benches in New York City and their direct influence on the establishment of modern day graffiti as a culture. It will focus on the emergence of a society based entirely on graffiti through psychological and social studies and this society’s effect on the people and city officials of New York City. It will also look at the possible outcomes if New York had decided to embrace graffiti and the youths during one of the lowest points in the city’s history.

Two "Lincoln" Perspectives
Paige Hansen

This presentation examines a controversial, provocative statue of Lincoln and a slave and how this "memorial" has taken on new meaning today as a symbol of our history's past opinions and perspectives.

Saturday, April 21, 11:30-12:45

Session 2A, Post Hall: Women's Perspectives: Identities of the Past and Present
Session 2B, Eckles Auditorium: The Social Dynamics of College Life
Session 2C, Academic 100: You Are What You Eat

Saturday, April 21, 11:30-12:45

Post Hall

GROUP PRESENTATION: Women's Perspectives: Identities of the Past and Present

MODERATOR:  Katherine Ely, Vice President for Media Relations, National Organization for Women, Virginia Chapter; Media Relations Associate, Media Matters

PRESENTERS: UW20 Section M17: Christin Aucunas, Jill Beckerman, Beth Davison, Alicia Eggen, Christine French, Alpana Gowdar, Lauren Lederman, Katy McCoy, Chelsea Mears, Melissa Moller, Darcey O'Halloran, Elfine Peterson Tijo, Tracy Sakon, Jaclyn Watson, Tiffany Wong

This presentation explores the identities of women throughout the centuries and how our generation will carry on their legacy. The presentation weaves together the autobiographies of prominent women with our own personal narratives, including Hillary Clinton, Emily Dickinson, Sylvia Plath, Frida Kahlo, Madonna, Mercedes de Acosta, and many more.

Saturday, April 21, 11:30-12:45

Eckles Auditorium

PANEL: The Social Dynamics of College Life

PRESENTERS: Madelyn Healy and Stephen Rutgers; Christina Yugai, Alia Khayrullina, and Naomi Hochberg; Nada Hammour, Hasan Daouk, and Christine Traverner

MODERATOR:  Christina Mueller, Senior; Editorial Board, Le Culte du Moi; President, Suicide Prevention Action Network, GWU

The Wealthiest Scavengers: Social Norms of Students at Free Food Events at the Nation's Wealthiest University
Madelyn Healy and Stephen Rutgers

The only words you see posted are "Free Food." Whether it's Catholic Dinner, a rush event for a fraternity, or the annual "Midnight Breakfast," George Washington University students are driven to free food. Through interviews of two students, this presentation discovers why students seem to be so attracted to free food.

Girls Next Door: Social Dynamics of Thurston Hall
Christina Yugai, Alia Khayrullina, and Naomi Hochberg

Our film begins with two roommates, Chelsea and Courtney coming back from dinner to prepare for evening festivitities. The two begin discussing Courtney's love life, which quickly begins a heated argument between the two friends. Witnessing all this, Chantal is quick to join in with her opinions. The other two disregard her words because they view her as irrelevant and her problems do not concern them.

Working Wonders: Young Women in the Restaurant Industry
Nada Hammour, Hasan Daouk, and Christine Traverner

For this presentation, we interviewed three young women who have worked in restaurants that vary in class and atmosphere: an upscale eatery, a locally owned family restaurant, and a fast food chain. The hierarchical aspect of our topic reiterated many stereotypes people have formed about certain dining experiences and sometimes proved them wrong.

Saturday, April 21, 11:30-12:15

Academic 100

PANEL: You Are What You Eat

PRESENTERS: Florence Wong; Emma Kruger and Michael Chartier

MODERATOR:  Megan Davis, Philosophy Professor, GWU

The Americanization of Ethnic Food
Florence Wong

America is a diverse mix of people from around the world, adding their culture to the Melting Pot. Some say that in this process of Americanization, the authenticity of respective cultures have been lost. Examination of Americanized Chinese, Italian, Thai, and fusion cuisine will reveal that the original authenticity of the specific culture is a necessary trade-off for the unique melting pot cuisine, which is authentically American.

"Tale-gating": The Implications behind the Food of the College Tailgate
Emma Kruger and Michael Chartier

Tailgating is a tradition that revolves around food. People reveal information about themselves through the food they enjoy at tailgates. Through several college alumni's personal experiences, the meaning of tailgating to them has been revealed. The food that is prepared and enjoyed at tailgating reflects the cultural values, beliefs, and history of the people.

Saturday, April 21, 1:00-2:15

Session 3A, Eckles Auditorium: OPEN POSTER SESSION
Session 3B, Ames Pub: Who Are We? Women's Self-Expression

Saturday, April 21, 1:00-2:15

Eckles Auditorium


PRESENTERS: Chris Brinlee, Jr.; Sung Min Lee; Brigitta Reytblatt, Shaina Cherry, and Nancy Lam Nguyen; Sasha Belinkie; Nicole White; Praveen Savalgi

MODERATOR:  David Ettinger, Ph.D., International Affairs and Political Science Librarian, Gelman Library, and Assistant Professorial Lecturer, Elliott School of International Affairs, GWU

Social Class and the American Military
Chris Brinlee, Jr.

This presentation discusses the demography of the U.S. military in the current war in Iraq. It addresses the security of wealthy or educated soldiers, and the appeal of military service to poor whites and minorities.

A Score of Years: What a Difference!
Sung Min Lee

In this constant evolutionary world, a log book is created to keep track of the remnant relics of the past. As time changes, new creations of culture, icons, and technology are introduced and familiarized to the current environment. However, what becomes of those memoirs being locked up in the dusty parts of the bookshelf? This presentation takes a look back a score ago to see the many differences that have occurred through the everlasting adventures of a college life. A simple time machine is brought forth to see what the new millennium has retained of the past.

The Real Deal - Women and Chocolate
Brigitta Reytblatt, Shaina Cherry, and Nancy Lam Nguyen

So what is the real deal with women and chocolate? Many people believe in the stereotype that all women love chocolate. Through interviews, this presentation disproves this and finds that women do appreciate the thought behind the giving of chocolate as a gift, such as on Valentine's Day.

Clarity in Political Communication: The Potential of Visual Argument to Achieve a Greater Level of Understanding than Prose
Sasha Belinkie

The question asked in this presentation is whether visual communication (comic books and graphic novels) has a greater potential for communication than prose. This questions will be approached by examining the clarity of the arguments conveyed by George Orwell in 1984 and Alan Moore's V for Vendetta.

Food Marketing to Ethnic Minorities
Nicole White

It is no secret that companies have to find a target market in order to successfully sell a product. An organization will fail if it tries to please everyone all the time. And food marketing is no different. While there is no problem in proposing marking campaigns to specific groups, the problem with marketing to ethnic minorities is that the companies tend to market foods that are generally low in nutritional value and unhealthy. This presentation will investigate the business practices of marketing unhealthy foods to minority consumers.

Of Feathers and Feelings: A Look at the Nature and Behavior of Geese
Praveen Savalgi

Although instinctual animal behavior can reveal elements of our own nature, geese, in particular, exhibit many complex behaviors. From social structure, to concern for others, to endurance, geese are fascinating creatures. Understanding this nature allows us to better understand ourselves and what we could become.

Affirmative Action
Helena Bala

Saturday, April 21, 1:00-2:15

Ames Pub

GROUP PRESENTATION: Who Are We? Women's Self-Expression

MODERATOR:  Mazal Menasche, Sophomore; 2006 Symposium Presenter

PRESENTERS: UW20 Section M16: Aboudi Bakhsh, Ian Barton, Alexa Blanco, Star Calaman, Catina Dailey, Stephen Ford, Jaime Fowler, Malorie Greenberg, Gylise Harrison, Laura Maas, Lindsay McConnell, Kat Medida, Lola Olawole-Anjorin, Alexandra Shahady, Candice Shang, Emily Sou, Sean White

We are bloggers. We are researchers. We are thinkers. But most of all, we are ready to express ourselves through writing. This multimedia Symposium session showcases a diverse group of presentations about women autobiographies from Tanika Lynch's Whore to music like the Dixie Chicks' Taking the Long Way.

Saturday, April 21, 2:30-3:45

Session 4A, Post Hall: Sustenance
Session 4B, Eckles Auditorium: Serious Play
Session 4C, Academic 100: The Burden of Protection

Saturday, April 21, 2:30-3:45

Post Hall

PANEL: Sustenance

PRESENTERS: Daniel Singer; Shannon Morris; Ally Pregulman

MODERATOR:  Sarah P. Wilhelm, Reference and Instruction Librarian, Eckles, GWU

The Cafeteria Revolution: How Americans Will Escape Poor Health
Daniel Singer

The FDA is a lame duck, agribusiness the tyrant, and Americans the victims. So who is going to save us from our national eating disorder? University cafeterias, which are currently undergoing a revolution to buy local organic food across the country, provide the best opportunity to make a difference.

Diet for a Warming Planet
Shannon Morris

Corporate farming practices have detrimental effects on the environment and on individual health. Their production consumes energy and resources. Unsanitary conditions, supplements, and inadequate government regulations also put consumers at health risk. Because of this, this presentation proposes we adopt a "diet for a warming planet," which focuses on free-range, local, and organic products.

How Much Change Is Too Much Change? The Role of Reorganization in Non-Profit Organizations
Ally Pregulman

Saul Alinsky believes that the life-span of an organization is five years. After that, the organization either dissolves or combines with another group. What aspects of the restructuring process of a non-profit organization make the process a success so that Alinsky's argument is refuted? This presentation explores the restructuring process of non-profit organizations and whether or not this process is effective, creating a comprehensive critique of reorganization process and its inefficacies.

Saturday, April 21, 2:30-3:45

Eckles Auditorium

PANEL: Serious Play

PRESENTERS: Kristin Pallister; Jackie Penn, Lindsay Alper, and Rachel Pomerantz

MODERATOR:  Mary Buckley, Theatre and Dance Professor; Program Coordinator, International Arts and Culture, GWU

Nature-Deficit Disorder: The Detrimental Effects of Losing Touch with the Wild
Kristin Pallister

The rise of technology has yielded the fall of a childhood spent outdoors. But how does playing video games instead of climbing trees affect today's children psychologically? Nature-deficit disorder links the shift to a multitude of problems, from obesity to depression. This presentation analyzes the effects of this new form of childhood.

The Fourth "R"
Jackie Penn, Lindsay Alper, and Rachel Pomerantz

Recess should be implemented for children ranging from lower school to middle school because it develops social and motor skills, among others, that will be useful in the future. This issue is important now because recently schools in the Washington, D.C. area, as well as the rest of the nation, have been shortening or cutting the amount of free time during the school day to make room for more academic scheduling. Having free time to play is beneficial because it gives children an opportunity to grow intellectually, psychologically, physically, and socially.

Saturday, April 21, 2:30-3:45

Academic 100

PANEL: The Burden of Protection

PRESENTERS: Martine Read; Mohit R. Shah; Lauren Berkowitz, Katherine Easter, and Zeina Hinnawi

MODERATOR: Sonia Lee, Junior, Sociology and Philosophy, GWU

The Evolution of "Reasonable Suspicion" in Fourth Amendment Rights
Martine Read

The "reasonable suspicion" standard has evolved since its emergence in Terry vs. Ohio (1963). The implications of this standard support and embody the existing tension between the privacy rights of U.S. citizens and the need for government protection, security, and order.

The Burden of Protection
Mohit R. Shah

In the 21st century, we know of many ways to protect the works we claim as our own. But is the cost of this protection worth it? Our selfishness asks us to implement laws and policies to satisfy our claim on works (i.e. compositions, novels, projects, designs, products, etc.). Do we know what is lost due to this act? Is the process of evolving scientifically, technologically, and as humans slowed down? This presentation shows how the laws of copyright place burdens on those they supposedly protect. It will refute the common notion that copyright is meant to protect us and our ideas.

The Injustice of the Disenfranchisement in D.C.
Lauren Berkowitz, Katherine Easter, and Zeina Hinnawi

This presentation addresses the lack of congressional representation for the citizens of the District of Columbia. It examines the historical cause of the issue and suggests that the current reason for this injustice is a result of Washington, D.C.'s high minority population and their political stance, which tends to be Democratic. It argues that D.C.'s voting rights should be obtained by a congressional statutory bill.

Saturday, April 21, 4:00-5:15

Post Hall

ROUNDTABLE: Global Intervention

PRESENTERS: Rachael Ashley Moliver; Zach Hindin and Ben Nelson; Nida Jafrani; Robert S. Banick

MODERATOR:  Dolores Perillấn, Poetica 21 ~ Word in Action: Spanish Professor, GWU; Faculty Fellow, Service Learning, CoRAL Network

The Importance of Involving Female Peacekeepers in Current Peacekeeping Operations: An Assessment of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325
Rachael Ashley Moliver

This presentation assesses the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 and its current negligible enforcement by the United Nations. This project proposes that if the United States of America were to enforce this resolution, equality in peacekeeping operations and a significant reduction in sex-trafficking would be plausible.

Bringing Dawn to Darfur
Zach Hindin and Ben Nelson

This presentation addresses the systematic problems in Sudan that have led to instability for decades, most recently, in the violence in Darfur. The presentation works to clarify common miconceptions about Sudan while providing policy recommendations (at both the domestic and international level) to address the identified spurs of conflict.

Banaa: The Sudan Educational Empowerment Network
Nida Jafrani

Banaa: The Sudan Educational Empowerment Network is a program that was started by students here at the George Washington University. This presentation will address the topic of how receiving leadership education in the United States will allow Sudanese citizens to effect long term progress in their native country. The formal paper on which this presentation is based will be resolved around the concepts of peace-based education and how this type of aid could be successful in conflicted parts of Africa, specifically Sudan.

Civil Society and Democracy Promotion: The Middle Eastern Perspective
Robert S. Banick

Civil society aid has taken on increasing importance in U.S. democracy promotion efforts over the past 15 years. Judging the efficacy of this aid is crucial to the spread of democracy throughout the developing world. This presentation will make such a judgment using the U.S. democracy promotion experience in the Middle East as a case study.