following reference reviews methods for monitoring active-layer thickness and
Nelson, F.E., and Hinkel, K.M. (2003). Methods for measuring active-layer thickness.
In: Humlum, O. and Matsuoka, N. (eds.) A Handbook on Periglacial Field
Methods. Longyearbyen, Norway: University of the North in Svalbard.
Click here to
The original CALM protocols, published in 1996 as part of the ITEX Manual,
Active Layer Monitoring
includes discussion on sampling designs,
probing, frost tubes and soil temperature measurements.
including stationary and spatial measurements
using gravimetric method and Vitel soil moisture probes.
Ground Subsidence and Heave
reporting geographic coordinates of CALM sites