Every system we study is part of a larger system.
It has been repeatedly observed that every system we study is part of a larger system. Ultimately, if one continues to generalize, he reaches (at least) the universe as a system. Now we do not mean that the largest all-inclusive system must be considered in solving every problem, for we cannot do so even if we wished to. There are both technological and practical obstacles to so doing. On the practical side we are usually constrained to study only that system under the control of the sponsor of the research. Since those in control can sometimes bring pressure on a larger system which contains theirs, we can and do try to point out significant linkages between these systems. But in general our work is limited by the span of control of those for whom we work. There is no real issue here. (POR 28)
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