About the National Security Archive
25 Years of Opening Governments at Home and Abroad
Founded in 1985 by journalists and scholars to check rising government secrecy, the National Security Archive combines a unique range of functions: investigative journalism center, research institute on international affairs, library and archive of declassified U.S. documents ("the world's largest nongovernmental collection" according to the Los Angeles Times), leading non-profit user of the U.S. Freedom of Information Act, public interest law firm defending and expanding public access to government information, global advocate of open government, and indexer and publisher of former secrets.
The National Security Archive has established an extraordinary track record of highly credible, award-winning investigative journalism and scholarship:
- In 1998, the Archive shared the George Foster Peabody Award for outstanding broadcast series (CNN's Cold War).
- In April 2000, the Archive won the 1999 George Polk Award, for which the citation reads, in part: "We are pleased to present this special 1999 George Polk Award to the National Security Archive, which is housed in the Gelman Library at George Washington University, for piercing self-serving veils of government secrecy, guiding journalists in the search for the truth and informing us all."
- In September 2005, the Archive won an Emmy Award for outstanding news and documentary research. The citation states: "President Nixon's historic 1972 trip to China was one of the greatest diplomatic coups in history. This heavily-researched documentary reveals an unknown story behind the one most journalists and historians think they know. To tell it, the producers had to find, sift, evaluate and codify thousands of declassified documents, both from the U.S. government and the secretive Chinese government too. Working in cooperation with the National Security Archive, the program's researchers brought dry government files to life, revealing details that would have rattled the world at the time..."
As a pioneer of evidence-based research and primary source documentation, the Archive has achieved extraordinary, quantifiable success over the past 25 years:
- 40,000 targeted Freedom of Information and declassification requests to more than 200 offices and agencies of the U.S. government that have opened more than 10 million pages of previously secret U.S. government documents;
- over one million pages of these former secrets published on the World Wide Web, in books, microfiche, CD-ROMs, and DVDs-collectively described by the Washington Journalism Review as "a state-of-the-art index to history.";
- more than 60 books in print by Archive staff and fellows, including the winners of the 1996 Pulitzer Prize, the 1995 National Book Award, the 1996 Lionel Gelber Prize, the 1996 American Library Association's James Madison Award Citation, a Boston Globe Notable Book selection for 1999, a Los Angeles Times Best Book of 2003, and the 2010 Henry Adams Prize for outstanding major publication on the federal government's history from the Society for History in the Federal Government;
- over 350 "electronic briefing books"of newsworthy documents on major topics in international affairs, published on the Archive's award-winning Web site, which attracts more than 2 million visitors each year downloading more than 13.3 gigabytes per day, and won 40 citations from the Internet Scout Report of the University of Wisconsin, which recognizes "the most valuable and authoritative resources online;"
- Forbes Magazine's "Best of the Web"award in 2005, and citation as one of the five "Top Sites"on the Web for terrorism-related information, with "fascinating primary data,"according to the National Journal (December 8, 2001);
- 47 Freedom of Information lawsuits against the U.S. government, of which 27 have been successful (and four are pending), forcing the declassification of documents ranging from the Kennedy-Khrushchev letters during the Cuban Missile Crisis to the previously censored photographs of homecoming ceremonies with flag-draped caskets for U.S. casualties of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan;
- Successful lawsuits against every President from Reagan to Obama to compel preservation of the White House e-mail, including 250,000 from the Reagan years, 450,000 from the George H.W. Bush years, 32 million from the Clinton years, and 220 million from the George W. Bush White House.
- the first-ever conviction of a ranking military officer on human rights abuse charges in Guatemala, credited by The Economist (September 21, 2002) to the declassified documents and expert testimony presented by Archive staff at the trial;
- publication of the authoritative series of Cold War Readers with Central European University Press, including scholarly documentary volumes on the crises in East Germany 1953, the Hungarian revolution 1956, the Prague Spring 1968, Solidarity and martial law in Poland 1980-81, the secret history of the Warsaw Pact 1955-1991, and the end of the Cold War in Europe 1989;
- partnerships in over 50 countries with journalists, scholars, truth commissions, human rights monitors, freedom of information campaigns, and openness advocates, including the virtual network freedominfo.org to open government files and enrich scholarship and journalism with primary sources.
Based at George Washington University's Gelman Library, the Archive relies for its 3 million yearly budget on publication revenues, grants individuals and grants from foundations such as the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the Ford Foundation, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, and the Open Society Foundations. The National Security Archive receives no government funding. Incorporated as an independent Washington, D.C. non-profit organization, the Archive is recognized by the Internal Revenue Service as a tax-exempt public charity.
For further information contact Thomas Blanton, Executive Director of the National Security Archive.
To use the Archive's collections, search www.nsarchive.org, visit the Smith Bagley Reading Room at George Washington University's Gelman Library (by appointment), or ask your university or public library to subscribe to the Digital National Security Archive, published by ProQuest LLC.